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Control techniques and management strategies for the problematic Navua sedge (Cyperus aromaticus)

Vitelli, J.S. and Madigan, B.A. and van Haaren, P.E. (2010) Control techniques and management strategies for the problematic Navua sedge (Cyperus aromaticus). Invasive Plant Science and Management , 3 (3). pp. 315-326.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1614/IPSM-D-09-00036.1

Publisher URL: http://www.wssa.net/

Abstract

Navua sedge, a member of the Cyperaceae family, is an aggressive weed of pastures in Fiji, Sri Lanka, Malay Peninsula, Vanuatu, Samoa, Solomons, and Tahiti and is now a weed of pastures and roadsides in north Queensland, Australia. Primarily restricted to areas with an annual rainfall exceeding 2500 mm, Navua sedge is capable of forming dense stands smothering many tropical pasture species. Seventeen herbicides were field tested at three sites in north Queensland, with glyphosate, halosulfuron, hexazinone, imazapic, imazapyr, or MSMA the most effective for Navua sedge control. Environmental problems such as persistence in soil, lack of selectivity and movement off-site may occur using some herbicides at the predicted LC90 control level rates. A seasonality trial using halosulfuron (97.5 g ai/ha) gave better Navua sedge control (84%) spraying March to September than spraying at other times (50%). In a frequency trial, sequential glyphosate applications (2,160 g ae/ha) every two months was more effective for continued Navua sedge control (67%) than a single application of glyphosate (36%), though loss of ground cover would occur. In a management trial, single applications of glyphosate (2,160 to 3,570 g ae/ha) using either a rope wick, ground foliar spraying or a rotary rope wick gave 59 to 73% control, while other treatments (rotary hoe (3%), slashing (-13%) or crushing (-30%)) were less effective. In a second management trial, four monthly rotary wick applications were much more effective (98%) than four monthly crushing applications (42%). An effective management plan must include the application of regular herbicide treatments to eliminate Navua sedge seed being added to the soil seed bank. Treatments that result in seed burial, for example, discing are likely to prolong seed persistence and should be avoided. The sprouting activity of vegetative propagules and root fragmentation needs to also be considered when selecting control options.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© Weed Science Society of America.
Keywords:Probit analyis; glyphosate; halosulfuron; hexazinone; imazapic; imazapyr; MSMA; Navua sedge; Cyperus aromaticus.
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Pest control and treatment of diseases. Plant protection
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Integrated weed control
Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Effect of herbicides
Deposited On:18 Nov 2010 05:02
Last Modified:18 Nov 2010 05:02

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