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Overcoming constraints to meeting increased demand for Babesia bigemina vaccine in Australia

Standfast, N.F. and Bock, R.E. and Wiecek, M.M. and deVos, A.J. and Jorgensen, W.K. and Kingston, T.G. (2003) Overcoming constraints to meeting increased demand for Babesia bigemina vaccine in Australia. Veterinary Parasitology, 115 (3). pp. 213-222.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/S0304-4017(03)00223-...

Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com

Abstract

Demand for live trivalent tick fever vaccine containing Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma centrale produced by the Department of Primary Industries, Queensland, has increased from less than 10,000 doses in 1988 to 500,000 doses in 2001. This paper describes a series of trials aimed at overcoming certain constraints to obtain B. bigemina parasitised erythrocytes (PEs) on a large enough scale from infected splenectomised calves to meet the demand. Passage through a series of splenectomised calves failed to increase the yield per calf but we showed that the dose rate of infected cells could be reduced from the long-time standard of 1×107 to 2.5×106 without affecting immunogenicity and still leaving a safety margin of at least 50-fold for infectivity. This change quadrupled the potential yield of doses per calf and allowed the DPI to meet the increased demand for B bigemina in vaccine. Due to the high cost and limited availability of suitable, health tested donors, calves previously infected with B. bovis or A. centrale were used to provide B. bigemina organisms but the practice resulted in red cell agglutination in some batches of prepared vaccine. A trial is described where B. bigemina-infected red cells were washed by centrifugation to remove agglutinating antibodies. Washing had no effect on parasite viability and this method is now in routine use in the production of trivalent vaccine.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© Elsevier B.V.
Keywords:Babesia bigemina; Babesia bovis; Anaplasma centrale; Tick fever vaccine; Live vaccines.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary parasitology
Deposited On:26 Feb 2004
Last Modified:23 Mar 2009 03:32

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