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Evaluation of weed eradication programs: containment and extirpation

Panetta, F.D. (2007) Evaluation of weed eradication programs: containment and extirpation. Diversity and Distributions, 13 (1). pp. 33-41.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2006.00294.x

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home

Abstract

Weed eradication programs often require 10 years or more to achieve their objective. It is important that progress is evaluated on a regular basis so that programs that are 'on track' can be distinguished from those that are unlikely to succeed. Earlier research has addressed conformity of eradication programs to the delimitation criterion. In this paper evaluation in relation to the containment and extirpation criteria is considered. Because strong evidence of containment failure (i.e. spread from infestations targeted for eradication) is difficult to obtain, it generally will not be practicable to evaluate how effective eradication programs are at containing the target species. However, chronic failure of containment will be reflected in sustained increases in cumulative infested area and thus a failure to delimit a weed invasion. Evaluating the degree of conformity to the delimitation and extirpation criteria is therefore sufficient to give an appraisal of progress towards the eradication objective. A significant step towards eradication occurs when a weed is no longer readily detectable at an infested site, signalling entry to the monitoring phase. This transition will occur more quickly if reproduction is prevented consistently. Where an invasion consists of multiple infestations, the monitoring profile (frequency distribution of time since detection) provides a summary of the overall effectiveness of the eradication program in meeting the extirpation criterion. Eradication is generally claimed when the target species has not been detected for a period equal to or greater than its seed longevity, although there is often considerable uncertainty in estimates of the latter. Recently developed methods, which take into consideration the cost of continued monitoring vs. the potential cost of damage should a weed escape owing to premature cessation of an eradication program, can assist managers to decide when to terminate weed eradication programs.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© 2006 The Author. © Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Keywords:Biological invasions; containment; delimitation; eradication; extirpation; pest organism; weed.
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Eradication and containment
Deposited On:01 Sep 2009 05:57
Last Modified:14 Jun 2011 23:44

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