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Phylogenetic relationships of unclassified, satellitic Pasteurellaceae obtained from different species of birds as demonstrated by 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison

Christensen, H. and Blackall, P.J. and Bisgaard, M. (2009) Phylogenetic relationships of unclassified, satellitic Pasteurellaceae obtained from different species of birds as demonstrated by 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison. Research in Microbiology, 160 (5). pp. 315-321.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resmic.2009.05.006

Publisher URL: http://www.elsevier.com

Abstract

Avian haemophili demonstrating in vitro satellitic growth, also referred to as the V-factor or NAD requirement, have mainly been classified with Avibacterium paragallinarum (Haemophilus paragallinarum), Avibacterium avium (Pasteurella avium), Avibacterium volantium (Pasteurella volantium) and Avibacterium sp. A (Pasteurella species A). The aim of the present study was to assess the taxonomic position of 18 V-factor-requiring isolates of unclassified Haemophilus-like organisms isolated from galliforme, anseriforme, columbiforme and gruiforme birds as well as kestrels and psittacine birds including budgerigars by conventional phenotypic tests and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. All isolates shared phenotypical characteristics which allowed classification with Pasteurellaceae. Haemolysis of bovine red blood cells was negative. Haemin (X-factor) was not required for growth. Maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analysis including bootstrap analysis showed that six isolates were related to the avian 16S rRNA group and were classified as Avibacterium according to 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Surprisingly, the other 12 isolates were unrelated to Avibacterium. Two isolates were unrelated to any of the known 16S rRNA groups of Pasteurellaceae. Two isolates were related to Volucribacter of the avian 16S rRNA group. Seven isolates belonged to the Testudinis 16S rRNA group and out of these, two isolates were closely related to taxa 14 and 32 of Bisgaard, whereas four other isolates were found to form a genus-like group distantly related to taxon 40 and one isolated remained distantly related to other members of the Testudinis group. One isolate was closely related to taxon 26 (a member of Actinobacillus sensu stricto). The study documented major genetic diversity among V-factor-requiring avian isolates beyond the traditional interpretation that they only belong to Avibacterium, underlining the limited value of satellitic growth for identification of avian members of Pasteurellaceae. Our study also emphasized that these organisms will never be isolated without the use of special media satisfying the V-factor requirement.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© Elsevier Masson SAS.
Keywords:Satellitic growth; Pasteurellaceae phylogeny; Avibacterium; Volucribacter; birds.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals > Avian
Veterinary medicine > Veterinary bacteriology
Deposited On:06 Aug 2009 06:27
Last Modified:26 Nov 2010 03:30

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