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Strategic use of crutching and dicyclanil to protect unmulesed sheep against breech strike

James, P.J. and Cramp, A.P. and Winkleman, J. and McPhie, R. and Brown, G.W. (2009) Strategic use of crutching and dicyclanil to protect unmulesed sheep against breech strike. Australian Veterinary Journal, 87 (4). pp. 138-141.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2009.00408.x

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home

Abstract

Objective To test strategies for the application of dicyclanil and mid-season crutching to maximise protection of unmulesed sheep against breech strike. Procedure Three hundred and eighty unmulesed Merino weaners were randomly allocated to four groups either left untreated or treated by different strategies with 50 g/L dicyclanil. Treatments included breech treatment alone and breech plus body treatment, with two application times, immediately after shearing and 6 weeks after crutching or shearing. To assess protection, larval implants with newly hatched Lucilia cuprina larvae were applied to 10 different sheep from each group at 3, 4, 5 and 6 months after crutching and shearing and assessed for the development of strike at 48 hours. The concentration of dicyclanil was measured in wool samples clipped from the breeches of the test sheep. Results All dicyclanil treatments gave significant reduction in strike in comparison to controls up until 4 months after crutching but protection in the sheep treated immediately after shearing had waned at 5 months. Treating at 6 weeks after crutching provided significant reduction (P < 0.05) in strike for 6 months. Results for strike incidence immediately after shearing and concentration of dicyclanil in the breech wool also suggested improvements in protection by delaying treatment for 6 weeks. Conclusion In most environments it should be possible to protect unmulesed sheep against breech strike with a carefully planned integrated control program incorporating strategically timed crutching, shearing and dicyclanil application. Delaying treatment with dicyclanil to at least 6 weeks after shearing or crutching increased the protection provided in comparison to treatment immediately after shearing.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:QPIF
Additional Information:© Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Queensland. © Australian Veterinary Association.
Keywords:Fly strike; Mulesing; Dicyclanil; Lucilia cuprina; Sheep.
Subjects:Veterinary medicine > Veterinary parasitology
Animal culture > Sheep
Deposited On:04 Jun 2009 02:36
Last Modified:04 Jun 2009 02:36

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