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Biocontrol of Chromolaena odorata in Papua New Guinea

Day, M.D. and Bofeng, I. (2008) Biocontrol of Chromolaena odorata in Papua New Guinea. In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on the Biological Control and Management of Chromolaena odorata and Mikania micrantha, 12-15 September 2006, Taiwan.

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Organisation URL: http://www.ehs.cdu.edu.au/chromolaena/siamhome.html

Abstract

The status of biocontrol of Chromolaena odorata, a weed of significant agricultural importance in Papua New Guinea, is assessed. Chromolaena is confirmed present in 391 sites in 12 of the 20 provinces of PNG. A collaborative project on the biocontrol of chromolaena involving the PNG National Agricultural Research Institute and the Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries began in1998, with funding from ACIAR. Three agents, the moth Pareuchaetes pseudoinsulata, which has established only in Morobe Province, the stem-galling fly Cecidochares connexa, which has established in all 12 provinces and the leaf mining fly Calycomyza eupatorivora, which is currently being monitored for establishment, have been introduced.

Cecidochares connexa has been the most effective of the agents so far and it has spread more than 100 km in five years from some release sites. Preliminary field data have shown that the numbers of galls per plant have increased, coupled with a decrease in plant height and percent plant cover. In parts of New Ireland and Sandaun provinces, C. connexa has controlled chromolaena, resulting in the regeneration of natural vegetation. In addition, some food gardens have been re-established where chromolaena had once taken over. Consequently, food production has increased and income generated from selling agricultural produce has increased two fold. There is also less time spent in clearing chromolaena from food gardens and plantations. The effectiveness of C. connexa has brought relief to many communities, which are helping in the distribution of the gall fly to other areas affected by chromolaena.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:© National Pingtung University of Science and Technology (NPUST), Taiwan
Keywords:Chromolaena odorata.
Subjects:Science > Invasive Species > Plants > Biological control
Deposited On:21 Aug 2009 02:31
Last Modified:04 Dec 2013 16:09

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