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Herpesviral haematopoietic necrosis virus (CyHV-2) infection: case studies from commercial goldfish farms

Goodwin, A.E. and Sadler, J. and Merry, G.E. and Marecaux, E.N. (2009) Herpesviral haematopoietic necrosis virus (CyHV-2) infection: case studies from commercial goldfish farms. Journal of Fish Diseases, 32 (3). pp. 271-278.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2761.2008.00988.x

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home

Abstract

Herpesviral haematopoietic necrosis is a disease of goldfish, Carassius auratus, caused by Cyprinid herpesvirus-2 (CyHV-2) infection. Quantitative PCR was carried out on tissue homogenates from healthy goldfish fingerlings, broodfish, eggs and fry directly sampled from commercial farms, from moribund fish submitted to our laboratory for disease diagnosis, and on naturally-infected CyHV-2 carriers subjected to experimental stress treatments. Healthy fish from 14 of 18 farms were positive with copy numbers ranging from tens to 10(7) copies mu g(-1) DNA extracted from infected fish. Of 118 pools of broodfish tested, 42 were positive. The CyHV-2 was detected in one lot of fry produced from disinfected eggs. Testing of moribund goldfish, in which we could not detect any other pathogens, produced 12 of 30 cases with 10(6)-10(8) copies of CyHV-2 mu g(-1) DNA extracted. Subjecting healthy CyHV-2 carriers to cold shock (22-10 degrees C) but not heat, ammonia or high pH, increased viral copy numbers from mean copy number (+/- SE) of 7.3 +/- 11 to 394 +/- 55 mu g(-1) DNA extracted after 24 h. CyHV-2 is widespread on commercial goldfish farms and outbreaks apparently occur when healthy carriers are subjected to a sharp temperature drop followed by holding at the permissive temperature for the disease.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Fisheries
Additional Information:© Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Keywords:Goldfish; hematopoietic; herpes; latency; PCR; Carassius-Auratus; cyprinid Herpesvirus-2; diseased fish; juvenile; KOI.
Subjects:Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Fishery research
Aquaculture and Fisheries > Fisheries > Fishery for individual species
Veterinary medicine > Diseases of special classes of animals
Deposited On:14 Apr 2009 07:09
Last Modified:07 Sep 2010 06:59

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