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Adoption of environmental assurance in pastoral industry supply chains - Market failure and beyond

Pahl, L.I. (2007) Adoption of environmental assurance in pastoral industry supply chains - Market failure and beyond. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 47 (3). pp. 233-244.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/EA06031

Publisher URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au

Abstract

This paper describes adoption rates of environmental assurance within meat and wool supply chains, and discusses this in terms of market interest and demand for certified 'environmentally friendly' products, based on phone surveys and personal interviews with pastoral producers, meat and wool processors, wholesalers and retailers, and domestic consumers. Members of meat and wool supply chains, particularly pastoral producers, are both aware of and interested in implementing various forms of environmental assurance, but significant costs combined with few private benefits have resulted in low adoption rates. The main reason for the lack of benefits is that the end user (the consumer) does not value environmental assurance and is not willing to pay for it. For this reason, global food and fibre supply chains, which compete to supply consumers with safe and quality food at the lowest price, resist public pressure to implement environmental assurance. This market failure is further exacerbated by highly variable environmental and social production standards required of primary producers in different countries, and the disparate levels of government support provided to them. Given that it is the Australian general public and not markets that demand environmental benefits from agriculture, the Australian government has a mandate to use public funds to counter this market failure. A national farm environmental policy should utilise a range of financial incentives to reward farmers for delivering general public good environmental outcomes, with these specified and verified through a national environmental assurance scheme.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© CSIRO.
Keywords:Adoption rates of environmental assurance; certified 'environmentally friendly' products; market demand; market interest; meat and wool supply chains.
Subjects:Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agriculture and the environment
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Agricultural economics
Deposited On:16 Apr 2009 06:27
Last Modified:01 Oct 2010 03:06

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