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Between-tree variation in fruit quality and fruit mineral concentrations of Hass avocados

Marques, J.R. and Hofman, P.J. and Wearing, A.H. (2006) Between-tree variation in fruit quality and fruit mineral concentrations of Hass avocados. Between-tree variation in fruit quality and fruit mineral concentrations of Hass avocados, 46 (9). pp. 1195-1201.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/EA04051

Publisher URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au

Abstract

Inconsistent internal fruit quality in Hass avocados affects consumer confidence. To determine the influence of individual trees on fruit quality, Hass avocado fruit were harvested from adjacent trees of similar external appearance in 3 commercial orchards in 1998 and 1 orchard in 1999. The trees in each orchard were grown with similar commercial practices and in similar soil types. Within each location, there were significant (P<0.05) differences in the mean ripe fruit quality between trees with respect to fruit body rot severity (mainly anthracnose) with and without cold storage, internal disorders severity due to diffuse discolouration and vascular browning (after cold storage), days to ripen, percentage dry matter, and the percentage of the skin area with purple-black colour when ripe. These effects were also noted in the same orchard in 1999. There were significant (P<0.05) differences in fruit flesh calcium, magnesium, potassium, boron and zinc concentrations between trees. Significant (P<0.05) correlations were observed between average fruit mineral concentrations in each tree (particularly calcium, magnesium and potassium) and body rot severity, percentage dry matter and fruit mass. There was little conclusive evidence that characteristics such as the growth of the non-suberised roots or the degree of scion under- or overgrowth was involved in these tree effects; however, differences between trees with respect to other rootstock characteristics may be involved. The inconsistency of the correlations across sites and years suggested that other factors apart from tree influences could also affect the relationship between fruit minerals and fruit quality.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Plant Science
Additional Information:Reproduced with permission from © CSIRO Publishing. Access to published version may be available via Publisher’s website.
Keywords:Rootstocks.
Subjects:Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture > Culture of individual fruits or types of fruit > Stonefruit
Plant culture > Tree crops
Deposited On:02 Feb 2009 02:14
Last Modified:03 Sep 2010 07:21

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