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Comparison of nitrogen fertilization methods and rates for subsurface drip irrigated corn in the semi-arid Great Plains

Tarkalson, D.D. and Payero, J.O. (2008) Comparison of nitrogen fertilization methods and rates for subsurface drip irrigated corn in the semi-arid Great Plains. Transactions of the ASABE, 51 (5). pp. 1633-1643.

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Publisher URL: http://www.asabe.org/

Abstract

In semi-arid areas such as western Nebraska, interest in subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) for corn is increasing due to restricted irrigation allocations. However, crop response quantification to nitrogen (N) applications with SDI and the environmental benefits of multiple in-season (IS) SDI N applications instead of a single early-season (ES) surface application are lacking. The study was conducted in 2004, 2005, and 2006 at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln West Central Research and Extension Center in North Platte, Nebraska, comparing two N application methods (IS and ES) and three N rates (128, 186, and 278 kg N ha(-1)) using a randomized complete block design with four replications. No grain yield or biomass response was observed in 2004. In 2005 and 2006, corn grain yield and biomass production increased with increasing N rates, and the IS treatment increased grain yield, total N uptake, and gross return after N application costs (GRN) compared to the ES treatment. Chlorophyll meter readings taken at the R3 corn growth stage in 2006 showed that less N was supplied to the plant with ES compared to the IS treatment. At the end of the study, soil NO3-N masses in the 0.9 to 1.8 m depth were greater under the IS treatment compared to the ES treatment. Results suggested that greater losses of NO3-N below the root zone under the ES treatment may have had a negative effect on corn production. Under SDI systems, fertigating a recommended N rate at various corn growth stages can increase yields, GRN, and reduce NO3-N leaching in soils compared to concentrated early-season applications.

Item Type:Article
Corporate Creators:Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI), Agri-Science, Crop and Food Science, Plant Science
Business groups:Agri-Science, Crop and Food Science
Additional Information:© American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.
Keywords:Application method; application rate; biomass; corn; grain yield; nitrogen; SDI; subsurface drip irrigation; applications; arid regions; biological materials; chlorophyll; irrigation; leaching; porphyrins; renewable energy resources; soils; subirrigation; grain (agricultural product); comparative study; crop yield; drip irrigation; fertilizer application; maize; semiarid region; Great Plains; Nebraska; North America; United States; Zea mays.
Subjects:Plant culture > Field crops > Corn. Maize
Plant culture > Irrigation farming
Agriculture > Agriculture (General) > Fertilisers
Deposited On:02 Feb 2009 05:23
Last Modified:26 Oct 2011 04:25

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