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Sorghum ergot can develop without local Claviceps africana inoculum from nearby infected plants

Chakraborty, S. and Ryley, M.J. (2008) Sorghum ergot can develop without local Claviceps africana inoculum from nearby infected plants. Plant Pathology, 57 (3). pp. 484-492.

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Article Link(s): http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01832.x

Publisher URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/home

Abstract

Batches of glasshouse-grown flowering sorghum plants were placed in circular plots for 24 h at two field sites in southeast Queensland, Australia on 38 occasions in 2003 and 2004, to trap aerial inoculum of Claviceps africana. Plants were located 20-200 m from the centre of the plots. Batches of sorghum plants with secondary conidia of C. africana on inoculated spikelets were placed at the centre of each plot on some dates as a local point source of inoculum. Plants exposed to field inoculum were returned to a glasshouse, incubated at near-100% relative humidity for 48 h and then at ambient relative humidity for another week before counting infected spikelets to estimate pathogen dispersal. Three times as many spikelets became infected when inoculum was present within 200 m of trap plants, but infected spikelets did not decline with increasing distance from local source within the 200 m. Spikelets also became infected on all 10 dates when plants were exposed without a local source of infected plants, indicating that infection can occur from conidia surviving in the atmosphere. In 2005, when trap plants were placed at 14 locations along a 280 km route, infected spikelets diminished with increasing distance from sorghum paddocks and infection was sporadic for distances over 1 km. Multiple regression analysis showed significant influence of moisture related weather variables on inoculum dispersal. Results suggest that sanitation measures can help reduce ergot severity at the local level, but sustainable management will require better understanding of long-distance dispersal of C. africana inoculum.

Item Type:Article
Business groups:Agri-Science, Crop and Food Science
Additional Information:© CSIRO. © British Society for Plant Pathology.
Keywords:Aerial spore dispersal; long-distance spore dispersal; secondary conidia; Sorghum bicolor.
Subjects:Plant pests and diseases > Individual or types of plants or trees > Sorghum
Plant pests and diseases > Plant pathology
Deposited On:29 Jan 2009 05:35
Last Modified:27 Oct 2011 01:43

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